Total Soccer各位置浅析之序言及中卫篇

序言:荷兰足球的历史在70年代之前基本是跟清水一样清澈——因为没什么可深入说说的。兴起则要从米歇尔斯的Total Soccer说起。Total Soccer被译成全攻全守,并不精确,翻译成全方位足球相对来说更好一些。所以不要被字面上的东西迷惑了。Total Soccer讲求的是个体单干和整体协作,每个人都可能出现在球场上的任何位置,并很好的完成所处位置的任务。换而言之,就是阵型是死的,人是活的。每个球员在line-up中的位置只是表明其侧重点和专项性。Total Soccer要求很多:第一、扎实的技术基本功;第二、威猛的身体条件;第三、无间歇的穿插跑动;第四、高效的传接球速率;第五、熟练的整体配合。接下来,不才简单来说说Total Soccer理念下对不同位置的不同需求。

其实Total Soccer本质上来说,只有四个位置(除了门将):两个中卫;两个中场;四个边翼;两个前锋。详见下图(嗯,糙了点,凑合看):

中卫篇:多数情况下我橙的后卫们往往很彪悍的只有两个人,即上图中的3号和4号。当全队进攻的时候,3号和4号是立足于中圈弧的位置,利用造越位战术,既封堵对方组织进攻球员分球路线,又压缩对方箭头人物的活动范围。

这就要求这两个位置的球员要有较好的回追速度,上佳的防守技巧,强悍的身体素质以及准确的预判,与此同时,二人之间的呼应协防对于默契的要求程度也很高。科曼+里杰卡尔德与F·德波尔+Stam的组合基本可以完成这项任务。

此外,Total Soccer下的中卫还要分担一定的进攻任务,主要体现在接应边翼和中场球员的回球,调整进攻的方向,所以精准的长传球技术也是对其的要求。在定位球战术中,中卫并不是仅仅利用身体优势,作为桥头堡,有时更有责任对对方球门实施直接的打击:上述四人,以及30年前的阿里·汉,都有一脚很不错的直接任意球和远射功力。他们的任意球主要追求速度和角度,很少能踢出较大弧度的球。双中卫的情况下,速度属性较高的球员有点类似中后场自由人的角色,随时查缺补漏。

由于中卫在Total Soccer理念下承担的较多的后防任务,故此,对于球员身体素质的要求会略高于对技术技巧的要求。

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